Vocabulary specialized topic fimaly
1祖先
Hiragana :そせん
Meaning :ancestor
Ex :わたしたちは祖先そせんをうやまうべきだ。
Trans :We should worship our ancestors.
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2祖父母
Hiragana :そふぼ
Meaning :grandparents
Ex :両親りょうしん亡くなっなくなっのち祖父母そふぼ彼らかれら育てそだてた。
Trans :After their parents died, their grandparents brought them up.
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3両親
Hiragana :りょうしん
Meaning :parents, both parents
Ex :両親りょうしんがコンサートでぼくのことを自慢じまんするさまをて、ばつが悪かっわるかった。
Trans :It was embarrassing the way my parents bragged about me at the concert.
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4親類
Hiragana :しんるい
Meaning :relation, kin
Ex :彼らかれら互いにたがいに親類しんるい関係かんけいにある。
Trans :They are of kin to each other.
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5祖父
Hiragana :そふ
Meaning :grandfather; old man; kyogen mask used for the role of an old man
Ex :お祖父そふさまはお風邪かぜ召しめしていらっしゃいます。
Trans :Grandfather has caught a cold.
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6
Hiragana :ちち
Meaning :father
Ex :わたしいちよんさいのときに、ちちをくも膜出血しゅっけつ亡くしなくした。
Trans :I lost my father to a subarachnoid haemorrhage when I was fourteen.
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7
Hiragana :はは
Meaning :mother
Ex :はははひろしの夜具やぐをぐいと引きひき剥がしはがした。
Trans :Mother yanked the bedclothes off Hiroshi.
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8叔父
Hiragana :おじ
Meaning :uncle (younger than one’s parent)
Ex :明日あした叔父さんおじさん会うあう約束やくそくがある。
Trans :I have an appointment with my uncle tomorrow.
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9従兄弟
Hiragana :いとこ
Meaning :cousin (male)
Ex :列車れっしゃ降りるおりるとすぐに、かれはいとこの出迎えでむかえ受けうけた。
Trans :On getting off the train, he was met by his cousin.
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10
Hiragana :おっと
Meaning :husband
Ex :おっととの波風なみかぜ立つたつのが恐くこわくて、愛人あいじん存在そんざい知らしらない振りふりをしています。
Trans :I’m afraid of discord arising with my husband so I’m turning a blind eye to his mistress.
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11
Hiragana :つま
Meaning :wife; my dear, dear, honey; garnish (esp. one served with sashimi); embellishment
Ex :つま乾咳からせきになります。
Trans :I’m concerned about my wife’s hacking cough.
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12赤ちゃん
Hiragana :あかちゃん
Meaning :baby, infant
Ex :赤ちゃんあかちゃん泣かせなかせたままにしてはいけないのでしょうか?
Trans :Is it wrong to leave my baby crying?
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13息子
Hiragana :むすこ
Meaning :son; penis
Ex :小学しょうがくねん息子むすこ静岡しずおかから名古屋なごや小学校しょうがっこう転入てんにゅうしました。
Trans :My fifth-year junior school son has transferred into a school in Nagoya from Shizuoka.
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14
Hiragana :むすめ
Meaning :(my) daughter; girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
Ex :わたしむすめしり重いおもいので困るこまる
Trans :My daughter’s slowness to take action is a pain.
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15実兄
Hiragana :じっけい
Meaning :one’s own elder brother
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16
Hiragana :おとうと
Meaning :younger brother; pupil, apprentice
Ex :いもうとさんさい年下とししたおとうとよんさい年下とししたです。
Trans :My sister is three years younger than I and my brother is four years younger.
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17
Hiragana :あに
Meaning :elder brother, older brother
Ex :これはあにです。かっこいいですね。
Trans :This is my brother. Handsome, isn’t he?
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18姉妹
Hiragana :しまい
Meaning :sisters
Ex :かれ姉妹しまいにんとも美人びじんです。
Trans :Both his sisters are beautiful.
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19
Hiragana :いもうと
Meaning :younger sister
Ex :いもうと来年らいねん早々そうそう結婚けっこんします。
Trans :My sister will marry early next year.
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20
Hiragana :あね
Meaning :older sister, elder sister
Ex :あねあたま回転かいてんがいい。
Trans :My sister is quick-thinking.
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21猶子
Hiragana :ゆうし
Meaning :nephew (like a son), another child considered as one’s own
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22
Hiragana :めい
Meaning :niece
Ex :わたしのめいはとしわりには魅力みりょくてき大人おとなっぽい。
Trans :My niece is attractive and mature for her age.
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23孫息子
Hiragana :まごむすこ
Meaning :grandson
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24孫娘
Hiragana :まごむすめ
Meaning :granddaughter
Ex :彼女かのじょ連れ去らつれさられた孫娘まごむすめ探しさがした。
Trans :She searched for her granddaughter who had been taken away.
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25教母
Hiragana :きょうはは
Meaning :godmother, (religious) sponsor
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26教父
Hiragana :きょうふ
Meaning :godfather, sponsor; church fathers
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27代母
Hiragana :だいはは
Meaning :godmother
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28孤児
Hiragana :みなしご・こじ
Meaning :orphan
Ex :両親りょうしん亡くなっなくなっ子供こども孤児こじ呼ばよばれる。
Trans :A child whose parents are dead is called an orphan.
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29義母
Hiragana :ぎぼ
Meaning :mother-in-law, foster mother, step mother
Ex :すうねんまえははに、義母ぎぼにロケットをプレゼントしました。
Trans :A few years ago, on Mother’s Day, I gave my stepmother a locket as a present.
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30義理の姉
Hiragana :ぎりのあね
Meaning :one’s sister-in-law, stepsister (elder)
Ex :わたし義理ぎりあねがあなたの宿題しゅくだい手伝ってつだってくれるものをあてにしていいです。
Trans :You can depend on my older sister in law depend help you with your homework.
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31義理の兄
Hiragana :ぎりのあに
Meaning :one’s brother-in-law, stepbrother (elder)
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32
Hiragana :よめ
Meaning :wife, bride; (one’s) daughter-in-law
Ex :どんなおとこにもそれ相当そうとうよめのきてがあるもの。
Trans :Every Jack must have his Jill.
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33婿
Hiragana :むこ
Meaning :husband, groom; (one’s) son-in-law
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34
Meaning :child; young (animal); young woman, young geisha; offshoot; interest; new shares; player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.); bird egg; -er (often of young women)
Ex :よいになるには早寝はやね早起きはやおきするコトです。
Trans :To be a good child, you need to go to bed and get up early.
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35
Hiragana :まご
Meaning :grandchild
Ex :老人ろうじんまごたちに囲まかこまれて座っすわっていた。
Trans :An old man sat surrounded by his grandchildren.
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36親類
Hiragana :しんるい
Meaning :relation, kin
Ex :彼らかれら互いにたがいに親類しんるい関係かんけいにある。
Trans :They are of kin to each other.
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37叔父
Hiragana :おじ
Meaning :uncle (younger than one’s parent)
Ex :明日あした叔父さんおじさん会うあう約束やくそくがある。
Trans :I have an appointment with my uncle tomorrow.
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38継娘
Hiragana :ままむすめ
Meaning :stepdaughter
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39継息子
Hiragana :ままむすこ
Meaning :stepson
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40継子
Hiragana :ままこ
Meaning :stepchild
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41兄弟
Hiragana :きょうだい
Meaning :siblings, brothers and sisters; brothers; siblings-in-law, brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law; mate, friend
Ex :かれ完ぺきかんぺき秩序ちつじょ正しいただしい人生じんせい麻薬まやく中毒ちゅうどく兄弟きょうだい現れあらわれとき崩壊ほうかいした。
Trans :His flawlessly ordered life collapsed when his drug-addict brothers appeared.
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42双子
Hiragana :ふたご
Meaning :twins, twin
Ex :彼女かのじょ双子ふたごです。
Trans :She is a twin.
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43採択
Hiragana :さいたく
Meaning :adoption, selection, choice
Ex :満場一致まんじょういっちというわけにはいかないけれど、きみ提案ていあん採択さいたくされたよ。
Trans :It was by no means unanimous but your proposal was selected.
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44親戚
Hiragana :しんせき
Meaning :relative, relation, kin
Ex :かれ彼女かのじょ遠いとおい親戚しんせきだ。
Trans :He is a distant relation of hers.
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45孤児
Hiragana :まなしご・こじ
Meaning :orphan
Ex :両親りょうしん亡くなっなくなっ子供こども孤児こじ呼ばよばれる。
Trans :A child whose parents are dead is called an orphan.
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46孝
Hiragana :こう
Meaning :filial piety
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47親孝行
Hiragana :おやこうこう
Meaning :filial piety
Ex :親孝行おやこうこう息子むすこさんがいるから、老後ろうご心配しんぱいしなくていいわね。
Trans :It must be nice having such a loyal son. You don’t have to wonder if you’ll be taken care of in your old age.
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48友愛
Hiragana :ゆうあい
Meaning :fraternity, friendship
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49丁寧
Hiragana :ていねい
Meaning :polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close, thorough, conscientious
Ex :漢字かんじ書くかくときはてんやはらいにをつけて、なるべく早くはやくていねいに書きかきましょう。
Trans :When drawing kanji be careful of dots and sweeps, write as carefully and quickly as possible.
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50教育
Hiragana :きょういく
Meaning :training, education
Ex :教育きょういくのメルマガを発行はっこうしたいほうはこちら!
Trans :People who want to put out an ezine on education, come this way!
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51執事
Hiragana :しつじ
Meaning :steward, butler; court official; deacon (Anglican, Lutheran, etc.)
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52使用人
Hiragana :しようにん
Meaning :employee, servant
Ex :どうです?似合っにあっていますか?ここいらで使うつかう使用人しようにんふくなんですよ。
Trans :What do you think? Does it suit me? It’s what servants wear around here.
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53介護者
Hiragana :かいごしゃ
Meaning :caregiver, carer
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54正直
Hiragana :しょうじき
Meaning :honesty, integrity, frankness; honestly, frankly
Ex :正直しょうじきどいつもこいつもパッとしない。
Trans :Frankly, no one really stands out.
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55不幸
Hiragana :ふこう
Meaning :unhappiness, sorrow, misfortune, disaster, accident, death
Ex :不幸ふこう単独たんどくでやってこない。
Trans :Misfortune never come single.
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56無礼
Hiragana :ぶれい
Meaning :impolite, rude
Ex :かれ無礼ぶれい詫びわびた。
Trans :He apologized for rudeness.
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