Vocabulary specialized topic opposite word
1平ら
Hiragana :たいら
Meaning :flatness, level, smooth, calm, plain, sitting tailor fashion
Ex :例外れいがい中国ちゅうごくで、おそらく平らたいらなパンはしょくされていなかった。
Trans :The exception was in China, where flat bread was probably not eaten.
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2ざらざら
Hiragana :ざらざら
Meaning :rustling, murmuring; fluently; silky (hair)
Ex :木の葉このはがさらさらというのが聞こえきこえた。
Trans :I heard the leaves rustling.
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3高い
Hiragana :たかい
Meaning :high, tall; expensive
Ex :たまには偏差へんさ高いたかいひととレベルの高いたかい会話かいわしてみたい。
Trans :I like to have a deep conversation with a more academic person from time to time.
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4低い
Hiragana :ひくい
Meaning :low (rank, degree, value, content, quality, etc.); low (position), close to the ground; short (height); deep (voice), in a low key, low (volume)
Ex :まだ水温すいおん低いひくいから泳ぐおよぐつもりはないんよ?
Trans :The water temperature’s still low so you’re not going to swim, are you?
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5硬い
Hiragana :かたい
Meaning :hard, solid, tough; stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing); strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved); safe, steady, honest, steadfast; obstinate, stubborn; bookish, formal, stuffy
Ex :このいたじょう固いかたい岩石がんせきそうをプレートと呼ぶよぶ
Trans :We call these slabs of the solid-rock layer ’plates’.
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6柔らかい
Hiragana :やわらかい
Meaning :soft, tender, limp
Ex :かぜ柔らかくやわらかく木立こだち触れふれた。
Trans :The wind gently kissed the trees.
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7厚い
Hiragana :あつい
Meaning :thick, deep, heavy; kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful; serious (of an illness); abundant
Ex :厚いあついいた貫通かんつうした。
Trans :The arrow pierced the thick board.
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8薄い
Hiragana :うすい
Meaning :thin; pale, light; watery, dilute, sparse; weak (taste, etc.); slim (probability, etc.), small
Ex :片方かたほうほん薄くうすく他方たほう厚いあつい
Trans :One book is thin, and the other is thick.
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9易しい
Hiragana :やさしい
Meaning :easy, plain, simple
Ex :問題もんだい意外いがいにやさしかったよ。
Trans :I found the problem easier than I had expected.
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10難しい
Hiragana :むずかしい
Meaning :difficult, hard, troublesome, complicated, serious (disease, problem, etc.); fussy, particular, fastidious, hard to please, displeased; gloomy, glum, sullen, serious (look); dirty, unclean, filthy, detestable; unpleasant, uncomfortable, creepy, spooky
Ex :さんねんでフランス語に熟達じゅくたつするのはきわめて難しいむずかしい
Trans :It’s quite difficult to master French in 2 or 3 years.
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11濃い
Hiragana :こい
Meaning :deep (colour), dark; strong (flavour, smell, etc.); thick (consistency), dense; strong (possibility, etc.); thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
Ex :彼女かのじょ濃いこい茶色ちゃいろくつ履いはいていた。
Trans :She was wearing dark brown shoes.
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12空虚
Hiragana :くうきょ
Meaning :emptiness, vacancy
Ex :人生じんせい空虚くうきょゆめではない。
Trans :Life is not an empty dream.
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13完全
Hiragana :かんぜん
Meaning :perfection, completeness
Ex :飛行機ひこうき完全かんぜん止まりとまりますまで、お座席ざせきをお立ちになりませんようお願いいたします。
Trans :Please stay seated until the plane comes to a complete stop.
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14
Hiragana :から
Meaning :emptiness, vacuum, blank
Ex :鳥かごとりかごがからなのにがついた。
Trans :I found the cage empty.
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15乾く
Hiragana :かわく
Meaning :to get dry
Ex :コンタクトすると乾いかわい感じかんじになって、赤くあかくなります。
Trans :When I use contacts my eyes feel dry and become red.
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16濡れる
Hiragana :ぬれる
Meaning :to get wet
Ex :夕立ゆうだちにあってびっしょりぬれた。
Trans :I was caught in a shower and got drenched to the skin.
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17強い
Hiragana :つよい
Meaning :strong, powerful, mighty, potent; resistant, resilient, durable
Ex :強いつよい乱視らんしはコンタクトレンズのほうが矯正きょうせいできます。
Trans :Contact lenses are more able to correct strong astigmatism.
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18弱い
Hiragana :よわい
Meaning :weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
Ex :揺れゆれはゆっくりと弱くよわくなりはじめた。
Trans :The shaking began to slowly get less.
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19新しい
Hiragana :あたらしい
Meaning :new, novel, fresh, recent, latest, up-to-date, modern
Ex :研究けんきゅうしゃ頭脳ずのう新しいあたらしい受容じゅよう複合ふくごうたい識別しきべつする。
Trans :Researchers Identify New Receptor Complex in Brain
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20古い
Hiragana :ふるい
Meaning :old (not person), aged, ancient, antiquated, stale, threadbare, outmoded, obsolete article
Ex :ぼく趣味しゅみ古いふるいコインを集めるあつめることです。
Trans :My hobby is collecting old coins.
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21開ける
Hiragana :あける
Meaning :to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock; to open (for business, etc.); to empty, to clear out, to make space, to make room; to dawn, to grow light; to end
Ex :木曜日もくようびきみのためにあけとくから。
Trans :I’ll keep Thursday open for you.
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22閉める
Hiragana :しめる
Meaning :to close, to shut
Ex :もん閉めるしめる時間じかんだ。
Trans :It is time to shut the gate.
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23重い
Hiragana :おもい
Meaning :heavy, weighty, massive; heavy (feeling), depressed, gloomy, blue, uneasy; slow, sluggish, lumbering, ponderous, clumsy; important, serious, grave; serious, severe, critical; solid, established, dignified, sensible
Ex :なに重いおもい兇器きょうきでやられたらしく、頭蓋骨ずがいこつ粉砕ふんさいされた。
Trans :His head had been shattered by a savage blow from some heavy weapon.
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24軽い
Hiragana :かるい
Meaning :light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily); light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile; non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial; slight, small, gentle, soft; easy, simple; indiscriminate
Ex :わたし短いみじかいし、くち軽いかるいおとこだ。
Trans :I’m short-tempered, and a loose-tongued man.
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25遅い
Hiragana :おそい
Meaning :slow; late (e.g. "late at night"); too late; dull, stupid
Ex :「少しすこしうちに寄っよっていかない?」「いいの?」「うち共働きともばたらきおや遅いおそいの」
Trans :"Want to drop round my place?" "Can I?" "My parents come home late as they both work."
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26安い
Hiragana :やすい
Meaning :cheap, inexpensive; calm, peaceful, quiet
Ex :これだけで厄介やっかい払いはらいできたら安いやすいもので、みなだい喜びよろこびした。
Trans :We were all pleased to be so cheaply quit of him.
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27高い
Hiragana :たかい
Meaning :high, tall; expensive
Ex :たまには偏差へんさ高いたかいひととレベルの高いたかい会話かいわしてみたい。
Trans :I like to have a deep conversation with a more academic person from time to time.
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28広い
Hiragana :ひろい
Meaning :spacious, vast, wide
Ex :有明海ありあけかい日本にっぽんのもっとも広いひろい干潟ひがた一つひとつです。
Trans :The Ariake Sea is one of the biggest tidelands in Japan.
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29狭い
Hiragana :せまい
Meaning :narrow, confined, small
Ex :山越えやまごえみち狭くせまく、しかもきゅう勾配こうばいだった。
Trans :The road across the mountain was narrow, and what’s more, it was a steep slope.
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30清潔
Hiragana :せいけつ
Meaning :clean, hygienic, sanitary; pure, virtuous, immaculate
Ex :アクがなくなったら清潔せいけつびんにシロップを戻しもどし冷蔵庫れいぞうこ保存ほぞんします。
Trans :When the scum stops appearing pour the syrup back into a clean bottle and keep it in the fridge.
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31不潔
Hiragana :ふけつ
Meaning :unclean, dirty, filthy, impure
Ex :ぼく散らかっちらかっているいえ我慢がまんできるが、不潔ふけついえ嫌いきらいだ。
Trans :I can put up with a house being untidy but I don’t like it to be dirty.
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32深い
Hiragana :ふかい
Meaning :deep; profound; dense, thick; close (relationship); intense, strong; late
Ex :この端午たんご節句せっく関係かんけい深いふかいしょうぶは、はな美しくうつくしくありません。
Trans :The iris deeply associated with the Boys’ Festival does not have a beautiful flower.
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33浅い
Hiragana :あさい
Meaning :shallow, superficial; slight (wound), light (sleep), pale (colour), inadequate (knowledge); short (time), early, young
Ex :眠りねむり浅いあさいのです。
Trans :I’m a light sleeper.
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34大きい
Hiragana :おおきい
Meaning :big, large, great, loud
Ex :この公園こうえん西側にしがわ近いちかいところは、道路どうろ騒音そうおん大きいおおきいが、おくにはいるともう聞こえきこえない。
Trans :Near the west side of the park there’s a lot of noise from the road, but when you go into the park you can’t hear it any more.
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35小さい
Hiragana :ちいさい
Meaning :small, little, tiny
Ex :このドライバーは小さちいさすぎて役に立たやくにたたない。
Trans :This screwdriver is too small to be any use.
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36良い
Hiragana :よい
Meaning :good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable; sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared; profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial; OK
Ex :考えかんがえたんだけど、やっぱりこういうのはよくないから、今日きょう限りかぎり別れよわかれよう。
Trans :I’ve thought about it, and what we’re doing is just not right, so let’s break up after today.
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37悪い
Hiragana :わるい
Meaning :bad, poor, inferior; evil, sinful; unprofitable, unbeneficial; at fault, to blame, in the wrong; sorry
Ex :耐震たいしんせい悪いわるい建物たてもの亀裂きれつ生じるしょうじることもある。
Trans :Also cracks may form in buildings that aren’t Earthquake proof.
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38楽しい
Hiragana :たのしい
Meaning :enjoyable, fun
Ex :このは、買うかうのが楽しいたのしいのよ。使うつかう使わつかわないかなんてのは、二の次にのつぎなんだって。
Trans :This sort of thing, it’s buying stuff that’s fun. Whether you use it or not is secondary.
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39悲しい
Hiragana :かなしい
Meaning :sad, sorrowful
Ex :母親ははおや古いふるい家具かぐ売り払わうりはらわなければならないのは悲しいかなしい
Trans :It is sad to have to part with my mother’s old furniture.
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40静か
Hiragana :しずか
Meaning :quiet, silent; slow, unhurried; calm, peaceful
Ex :いまはフレッドの錯乱さくらん治まっおさまっ静かしずか眠っねむっています。
Trans :Fred’s agitation has now subsided, and he’s sleeping peacefully.
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41煩い
Hiragana :うるさい
Meaning :noisy, loud; annoying, troublesome, tiresome, persistent, importunate; fussy, finicky, picky, particular, nagging, fastidious, bossy; Shut up!
Ex :つべこべうるさいよ。やるのかやらないのか!?
Trans :Quit your bellyaching. You goin’ to do it, or not!?
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42大人しい
Hiragana :おとなしい
Meaning :obedient, docile, quiet
Ex :まさか花子はなこさんをストーキングするなんて・・・!最近さいきん、おとなしいから油断ゆだんしたわ!
Trans :That you should be stalking Hanako! You’d been quiet recently so I’d let my guard down.
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43悪戯
Hiragana :いたずら
Meaning :mischief, prank, trick, practical joke; pastime, hobby; playing with (a lighter, etc.), fooling around with, messing around with, amusing oneself with; lewd behaviour, sexual misconduct, sexual assault, molestation, rape
Ex :彼女かのじょわたしいもうとにいたずらをした。
Trans :She played a trick on my sister.
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44勤怠
Hiragana :きんたい
Meaning :diligence and indolence, diligence, attendance, attendance and absence
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45怠慢
Hiragana :たいまん
Meaning :negligence, procrastination, carelessness
Ex :ぼくきみ怠慢たいまん気に入らきにいらないんだ。
Trans :I’m displeased at your negligence.
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46成功
Hiragana :せいこう
Meaning :success, hit
Ex :かれ成功せいこう天才てんさいよりも努力どりょくする。
Trans :His success is attributed more to hard work than to genius.
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47失敗
Hiragana :しっぱい
Meaning :failure, mistake, blunder
Ex :試練しれん受けるうけることになったダレン。失敗しっぱいすれば、死刑しけい
Trans :Darren is to be put through a trial. If he fails, it’s the death penalty!
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48優しい
Hiragana :やさしい
Meaning :tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
Ex :だが、組みくみしゅ出さださないのは優しやさしさではない!!
Trans :However not attacking your partner in sparring is not a kindness!
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49豊富
Hiragana :ほうふ
Meaning :abundance, wealth, plenty, bounty
Ex :かれ教職きょうしょく経験けいけん豊富ほうふだ。
Trans :He has long experience in teaching.
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50貧乏
Hiragana :びんぼう
Meaning :poverty, destitute, poor
Ex :貧乏びんぼう彼女かのじょせい合わあわない。
Trans :Poverty is alien to her nature.
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