Learn Japanese Vocabulary N4
1
Hiragana :おや
Meaning :parent, parents; dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.); founder; (pet) owner
Ex :「少しすこしうちに寄っよっていかない?」「いいの?」「うち共働きともばたらきおや遅いおそいの」
Trans :"Want to drop round my place?" "Can I?" "My parents come home late as they both work."
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2下りる
Hiragana :おりる
Meaning :to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down; to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount; to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit; to be granted, to be issued, to be given; to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.); to be passed (from the body; i.e. of a roundworm)
Ex :さか下りるおりるときに彼女かのじょのおんぼろ自転車じてんしゃはキーキーおん立てたてた。
Trans :Her old bike squeaked as she rode down the hill.
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3折る
Hiragana :おる
Meaning :to break, to fracture, to break off, to snap off, to pick (e.g. flowers); to fold, to bend; to make (origami); to interrupt, to end
Ex :落馬らくば結果けっかあし折っおった。
Trans :The fall from the horse resulted in a broken leg.
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4お礼
Hiragana :おれい
Meaning :thanking, expression of gratitude
Ex :彼女かのじょにご協力きょうりょくいただけますことについて、あらかじめお礼を申し上げもうしあげます。
Trans :I would like to thank you in advance for any help that you are able to give her.
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5折れる
Hiragana :おれる
Meaning :to break, to be broken, to snap, to fracture; to be folded; to give in, to back down, to yield, to submit; to turn (a corner)
Ex :本当にほんとうにほね折れるおれる仕事しごとだった。
Trans :It was real hard work.
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6終わり
Hiragana :おわり
Meaning :the end
Ex :遊びあそび終わりおわりだ。
Trans :Fun and games are over.
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7カーテン
Hiragana :カーテン
Meaning :curtain, curtains
Ex :カーテンに点いついた。
Trans :The curtain caught fire.
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8海岸
Hiragana :かいがん
Meaning :coast, beach
Ex :旅行りょこうしゃたちは海岸かいがんのホテルにとまった。
Trans :The travelers stayed at a seaside hotel.
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9会議
Hiragana :かいぎ
Meaning :meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress
Ex :彼らかれら昼食ちゅうしょくのため会議かいぎ中断ちゅうだんした。
Trans :They interrupted the meeting for lunch.
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10会議室
Hiragana :かいぎしつ
Meaning :conference room, council room
Ex :彼女かのじょはしっかりした視線しせんわたして、会議かいぎしつをでた。
Trans :She looked at me in a deliberate way and left the meeting room.
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11会場
Hiragana :かいじょう
Meaning :assembly hall, meeting place, venue, grounds
Ex :かれ歓迎かんげいかい会場かいじょうをテーブルからテーブルへと歩き回っあるきまわった。
Trans :He circulated from table to table at the reception.
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12会話
Hiragana :かいわ
Meaning :conversation
Ex :たまには偏差へんさ高いたかいひととレベルの高いたかい会話かいわしてみたい。
Trans :I like to have a deep conversation with a more academic person from time to time.
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13帰り
Hiragana :かえり
Meaning :return, coming back
Ex :はは勤めつとめ帰りかえり買い物かいものをします。
Trans :My mother does her usual shopping on her way home from work.
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14変える
Hiragana :かえる
Meaning :to change, to alter, to vary, to convert, to revise, to amend, to transform
Ex :妖精ようせい王子おうじねこ変えかえた。
Trans :The fairy changed the prince into a cat.
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15科学
Hiragana :かがく
Meaning :science
Ex :物理ぶつりがく物質ぶっしつ運動うんどう、エネルギーの科学かがくであると定義ていぎすることができる。
Trans :Physics can be defined as the science of matter, motion, and energy.
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16
Hiragana :かがみ
Meaning :mirror
Ex :友人ゆうじんからもらったコンパクトのかがみ部分ぶぶん割れわれてしまいました。
Trans :The mirror on a compact I got from a friend has cracked.
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17掛ける
Hiragana :かける
Meaning :to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag); to sit; to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.); to make (a call); to multiply; to secure (e.g. lock); to put on (glasses, etc.); to cover; to burden someone; to apply (insurance); to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.); to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on; to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.); to bind; to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto; to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.); to increase further; to catch (in a trap, etc.); to set atop; to erect (a makeshift building); to hold (a play, festival, etc.); to wager, to bet, to risk, to stake, to gamble; to be partway doing ..., to begin (but not complete) ..., to be about to ...; indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
Ex :王手おうてをかけられたほうは、たま逃げるにげるなどの方法ほうほう王手おうて防がふせがねばなりません。
Trans :The checked player must find a way for the king to escape and block the check.
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18飾る
Hiragana :かざる
Meaning :to decorate, to ornament, to adorn
Ex :アーケード天井てんじょうにたくさんの張りぼてはりぼて飾らかざられてた。
Trans :The shopping arcade was covered with lots of paper decorations.
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19火事
Hiragana :かじ
Meaning :fire, conflagration
Ex :彼らかれら泊まっとまっていた宿屋やどや火事かじ起こっおこった。
Trans :A fire broke out at the inn where they were staying.
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20ガス
Hiragana :ガス
Meaning :number, amount
Ex :旅行りょこうしゃかず近年きんねん大きくおおきく増加ぞうかした。
Trans :The number of tourists has increased greatly in recent years.
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21ガソリン
Hiragana :ガソリン
Meaning :gasoline, petrol
Ex :かれはガソリンを使わつかわないエンジンを考案こうあんした。
Trans :He contrived a new engine that does not use gas.
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22ガソリンスタンド
Hiragana :ガソリンスタンド
Meaning :gas station, petrol station
Ex :かれはガソリンスタンドでくるま洗っあらってもらった。
Trans :He got his car washed at the filling station.
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23堅/硬/固い
Hiragana :かたい
Meaning :subject, theme, issue, matter; homework, assignment; task, challenge, problem, question
Ex :輸出ゆしゅつ市場しじょうでの競争きょうそうりょく強化きょうか緊急きんきゅう課題かだいである。
Trans :The strengthening of competitiveness on export markets is an urgent need.
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24
Hiragana :かたち
Meaning :form, shape, figure; visage
Ex :動詞どうし述語じゅつご動詞どうしのことです。述語じゅつご動詞どうしは、主語しゅご表すあらわすときによってかたち変えかえます。
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25片付ける
Hiragana :かたづける
Meaning :to tidy up, to put in order, to straighten up, to put away; to settle (problem), to clear (dispute); to finish, to bring something to an end; to marry off (e.g. a daughter); to do away with someone, to bump someone off
Ex :ははわたしにおさら片付けるかたづけるようにと言っいった。
Trans :Mother told me to put away the dishes.
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26課長
Hiragana :かちょう
Meaning :section manager, section chief
Ex :課長かちょうからもらった推薦すいせんじょうもの言っいった。
Trans :The recommendation from my boss made all the difference.
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27勝つ
Hiragana :かつ
Meaning :to win, to gain victory
Ex :選挙せんきょ勝つかつには「見た目みため」がなんわり
Trans :How much of winning an election is down to looks?
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28かっこう
Hiragana :かっこう
Meaning :school
Ex :どの学校がっこうであっても、体操たいそうは、スパッツやハーフパンツばかりだ。
Trans :In schools everywhere sports-wear is all spats and shorts.
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29家内
Hiragana :かない
Meaning :(my) wife; inside the home, one's family
Ex :家内かないいま夕食ゆうしょく支度したくをしている。
Trans :My wife is preparing dinner right now.
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30悲しい
Hiragana :かなしい
Meaning :sad, sorrowful
Ex :かべ映っうつっかれかげ悲しかなしそうだった。
Trans :His shadow on the wall looked sad.
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31必ず
Hiragana :かならず
Meaning :always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
Ex :古代こだいのオーバーテクノロジーの武器ぶき必ずかならず制御せいぎょができなくなる。
Trans :Super technology weapons from the ancients always end up out of control.
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32お金持ち
Hiragana :かねもち/おかねもち
Meaning :rich person
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33彼女
Hiragana :かのじょ
Meaning :she, her; her; girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
Ex :彼女かのじょ無邪気むじゃきなのか羞恥心しゅうちしんがないのか。
Trans :Is she an innocent, or is she just shameless?
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34
Hiragana :かべ
Meaning :wall, partition; barrier, obstacle; Chinese "Wall" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
Ex :話し声はなしごえかべ反響はんきょうしてうるさいな、この部屋へや
Trans :This room is noisy. The sound bounces right off the walls.
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35かまう
Hiragana :かまう
Meaning :to mind, to care about, to be concerned about; to care for, to look after; to prepare for; to interfere with, to meddle in; to tease
Ex :彼女かのじょ服装ふくそうにかまわない。
Trans :She is careless about dress.
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36
Hiragana :かみ
Meaning :hair (on the head)
Ex :ポールのかみには潤いうるおいがない。
Trans :Paul has dry hair.
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37噛む
Hiragana :かむ
Meaning :to bite, to chew, to gnaw; to crash against (e.g. of waves), to break onto (shore); to engage (of cogs, zippers, etc.), to mesh, to fit together; to be involved in; to fumble one's words (during a play, broadcast, etc.), to falter with one's words; to strongly confute, to argue down, to rebuke, to scold harshly
Ex :乾いかわいてぼそぼそになったパンをかみながらのやまたびで、大蛇だいじゃにあった。
Trans :While on a mountain trip, I was chewing on some hard, stale bread when I happened upon a huge snake.
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38通う
Hiragana :かよう
Meaning :to go back and forth, to ply between; to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
Ex :バイトで学費がくひ稼ぎかせぎながら大学だいがく通っかよってる。まあ苦学くがく生っなってとこかな。
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39ガラス
Hiragana :ガラス
Meaning :crow, raven
Ex :最近さいきん、あらゆるところでカラスを見かけるみかける
Trans :Lately, we see crows everywhere.
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40
Hiragana :かれ
Meaning :that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly); that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors); over there; down there (i.e. one's genitals); period, menses; hey (expression of surprise, suspicion, etc.), huh?, eh?; that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
Ex :「あれ、タンジェントってサインでコサインを割るわれるんだっけ?」「ぎゃくぎゃく
Trans :"Eh? Is the tangent cosine divided by sine?" "Other way round!"
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41彼ら
Hiragana :かれら
Meaning :they (usually male), them
Ex :彼らかれらのコミュニケーションは我々われわれ考えかんがえてきたものよりはるかに複雑ふくざつかもしれません。
Trans :Their communication may be much more complex than we thought.
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42乾く
Hiragana :かわく
Meaning :to get dry
Ex :コンタクトすると乾いかわい感じかんじになって、赤くあかくなります。
Trans :When I use contacts my eyes feel dry and become red.
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43代わり
Hiragana :かわり
Meaning :substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing; stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor; compensation, exchange, return; second helping, another cup, seconds; upcoming program, upcoming programme
Ex :代わりかわり言っいってはなにですが、・・・わたしが、いささか、ご指南しなんいたしましょう。
Trans :It would be presumptuous to call myself his replacement, but I could offer some guidance.
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44変わる
Hiragana :かわる
Meaning :to change, to be transformed, to be altered, to vary; to move to; to be different, to be uncommon, to be unusual
Ex :ほお紅や口紅くちべに差すさすだけで表情ひょうじょう笑顔えがおがどんどん変わっかわってくるんです。
Trans :Expressions and smiles change like that just from applying rouge and lipstick.
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45考える
Hiragana :かんがえる
Meaning :to think about, to take into consideration; to ponder, to reflect, to try to come at a conclusion, to think over (something); to intend, to decide (to do), to plan; to come up with, to devise, to scheme; to predict, to anticipate, to expect; to suspect, to doubt; to consider (somebody to be something), to look on
Ex :彼らかれらのコミュニケーションは我々われわれ考えかんがえてきたものよりはるかに複雑ふくざつかもしれません。
Trans :Their communication may be much more complex than we thought.
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46関係
Hiragana :かんけい
Meaning :relation, relationship, connection; participation, involvement, concern; influence, effect; sexual relations, sexual relationship; related to ..., connected to ...
Ex :そのため、よう介護かいご認定にんてい結果けっか介護かいごサービスのりょう関係かんけいしている必要ひつようがあります。
Trans :For that reason the outcome of the primary nursing care requirement authorization has to relate to the amount of nursing care required.
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47看護婦
Hiragana :かんごふ
Meaning :(female) nurse
Ex :見えみえない看護かんご年寄りとしより世話せわをすることに一身いっしん捧げささげた。
Trans :The blind nurse devoted herself to caring for the elderly.
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48簡単
Hiragana :かんたん
Meaning :simple, easy, uncomplicated; brief, quick, light
Ex :リストのデータは、自動じどう集計しゅうけい機能きのう使っつかっ簡単かんたん集計しゅうけいすることができます。
Trans :List data can easily be totalled using the automatic sum function.
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49
Meaning :spirit, mind, heart; nature, disposition; motivation, intention; mood, feelings; atmosphere, essence
Ex :タイポみると答えるこたえるなくす。
Trans :When I see typos I lose interest in answering.
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50機会
Hiragana :きかい
Meaning :chance, opportunity
Ex :躊躇ちゅうちょすれば機会きかい二度とにどとこない。
Trans :He who hesitates is lost.
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