Learn Japanese Vocabulary N4
1
Hiragana :うそ
Meaning :lie, falsehood, incorrect fact; Really!, Unbelievable!, No way!
Ex :容疑ようぎしゃ捜査そうさかんにうそを言っいった。
Trans :The suspect told a lie to the inspector.
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2
Hiragana :うち
Meaning :inside, within; while; among, amongst, between; we (referring to one's in-group, i.e. company, etc.), our; my spouse; imperial palace grounds; emperor; I (primarily used by women and children), me
Ex :そのうちのさんから押し出さおしだされ、さらにベランダからも落ちおちてしまった。
Trans :Of those 2 or 3 were pushed out of the nest, and then fell down from the balcony as well.
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3打つ
Hiragana :うつ
Meaning :to hit, to strike, to knock, to beat, to punch, to slap, to tap, to bang, to clap, to pound; to strike (noon, etc.), to sound (cymbals, etc.), to beat (a drum, etc.); to beat (rhythmically, e.g. pulse, waves, etc.); to move, to impress, to touch; to drive in, to hammer in, to put in, to inject; to type, to send, to transmit; to insert, to write in, to mark; to make (noodles, etc.), to prepare; to till (soil); to sprinkle, to throw, to cast; to do, to carry out, to play, to perform, to engage in (gambling, etc.); to pay (a deposit, etc.); to visit (on a pilgrimage); to line (a coat); to bind (a criminal)
Ex :しょかみあくかみなり打つうつという。
Trans :They say the gods smite evil with thunderbolts.
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4美しい
Hiragana :うつくしい
Meaning :beautiful, lovely
Ex :丹精たんせいをこめてつくったこの美しいうつくしい織物おりものをごらんください。
Trans :Take a look at this beautiful embroidery made with great effort.
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5写す
Hiragana :うつす
Meaning :to transcribe, to duplicate, to reproduce, to imitate, to trace; to describe; to film, to picture, to photograph
Ex :かれ友達ともだちのノートを写すうつすのに忙しかっいそがしかった。
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6移る
Hiragana :うつる
Meaning :to move (house), to transfer (department); to change the target of interest or concern; to elapse (passage of time); to be permeated by a colour or scent; to be infected, to be contagious, to spread (as in fire)
Ex :画像がぞうをクリックするとつぎページへ移りうつります!
Trans :Click the picture to go to the next page!
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7
Hiragana :うで
Meaning :arm; skill
Ex :かた関節かんせつは、単独たんどく動くうごくほか、うで動きうごきにも連動れんどうして動きうごきます。
Trans :The shoulder joints, as well as moving on their own, also move in conjunction with arm movements.
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8うまい
Hiragana :うまい
Meaning :skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful; delicious, appetizing, appetising; fortunate, splendid, promising
Ex :うまい写真しゃしんをとるにはちょっとした工夫くふうとコツがあるんです。
Trans :To take good pictures there are some knacks to learn and a little trick.
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9
Hiragana :うら
Meaning :bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side; rear, back, behind (the house); lining, inside; out of sight, behind the scenes; proof; opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.); inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.); bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
Ex :うらにはうらがある。
Trans :There are wheels within wheels.
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10売り場
Hiragana :うりば
Meaning :place where things are sold, point of sale, POS, sales floor, counter (in shop)
Ex :かれ逃げるにげるように野菜やさい売り場うりば立ち去ったちさって、精肉せいにくコーナーへ。
Trans :As if fleeing, he left the vegetable aisle to go to the meat corner.
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11嬉しい
Hiragana :うれしい
Meaning :happy, glad, pleasant
Ex :連れつれてきてもらえてうれしいです。
Trans :Thanks for bringing me here.
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12うん
Hiragana :うん
Meaning :yes, yeah, uh huh
Ex :うん。まえ先生せんせい紹介しょうかいしてもらって、転院てんいんしたの。
Trans :Yes. She got an introduction from her old doctor and transferred.
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13運転
Hiragana :うんてん
Meaning :operation, motion, driving
Ex :東北とうほく秋田あきた新幹線しんかんせん運転うんてん見合わせるみあわせるなど交通こうつう混乱こんらんした。
Trans :Traffic was also disrupted including the suspension of the Akita, Tohoku bullet train.
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14運転手
Hiragana :うんてんしゅ
Meaning :driver, chauffeur
Ex :彼女かのじょはタクシーの運転うんてんしゅですか。
Trans :Is she a taxi driver?
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15運動
Hiragana :うんどう
Meaning :motion, exercise
Ex :子どもこどもから高齢こうれいしゃまで適度てきど運動うんどうからだにとってよい効果こうかをもたらす。
Trans :From children to the elderly, sensible exercise has a good effect on the body.
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16エスカレーター
Hiragana :エスカレーター
Meaning :escalator
Ex :標識ひょうしきはエスカレーターの位置いち示ししめしている。
Trans :The sign indicates the location of the escalator.
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17
Hiragana :えだ
Meaning :branch, bow, bough, twig, limb
Ex :「どうしたの?」「あのね、植木うえきえだ剪定せんていをして欲しかっほしかったのよ」
Trans :"What is it?" "Well, you see, I wanted the shrubs pruned."
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18選ぶ
Hiragana :えらぶ
Meaning :to choose, to select
Ex :かれ二者択一にしゃたくいつ選ぶえらぶことでしょう。武術ぶじゅつか。
Trans :Which will he choose I wonder, Martial arts or death?
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19遠慮
Hiragana :えんりょ
Meaning :reserve, constraint, restraint, modesty, diffidence, hesitation, holding back, discretion, tact, thoughtfulness; declining, refraining; forethought, foresight
Ex :ご遠慮なくえんりょなく使いつかいください。
Trans :Be my guest.
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20おいでになる
Hiragana :おいでになる
Meaning :to be; to come; to go
Ex :取りとりにおいでになるまで荷物にもつ郵便ゆうびんきょく保管ほかんします。
Trans :The parcel will be kept at the post office until you call for it.
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21お祝い
Hiragana :おいわい
Meaning :congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
Ex :ちち誕生たんじょうのお祝いに、わたしにデジタル時計とけい買っかってくれました。
Trans :My father bought me a digital watch for birthday present.
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22オートバイ
Hiragana :オートバイ
Meaning :motorcycle
Ex :彼女かのじょ自転車じてんしゃにはもちろんオートバイにも乗れのれない。
Trans :She cannot ride a motorcycle, not to mention a bicycle.
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23おかげ
Hiragana :おかげ
Meaning :grace (of God), benevolence (of Buddha), blessing; assistance, help, aid; effects, influence
Ex :かれ成功せいこうしたのは単にたんに幸運こううんのおかげだ。
Trans :He owes his success only to good luck.
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24おかしい
Hiragana :おかしい
Meaning :funny, amusing, comical, laughable, ridiculous; strange, odd, funny, peculiar, weird, unusual, eccentric; improper, unsuitable, unbecoming; suspicious
Ex :うむ。これだけのことをされて、ブチキレないほうがおかしい。
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25
Hiragana :おく
Meaning :10^8, 100,000,000, hundred million
Ex :貿易ぼうえき収支しゅうし輸出ゆしゅつさんいちよんぜろおくドル、輸入ゆにゅうさんぜろおくドルで、ななろくぜろおくドルの黒字くろじ計上けいじょうした。
Trans :The trade balance registered a surplus of $76 billion, with exports reaching $314 billion and imports $238 billion.
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26屋上
Hiragana :おくじょう
Meaning :rooftop
Ex :彼女かのじょ屋上おくじょうでよくヴァイオリンの練習れんしゅうをしていたものだ。
Trans :She would often practice the violin on the roof.
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27贈り物
Hiragana :おくりもの
Meaning :present, gift
Ex :彼女かのじょにはいちくみのイヤリングはすてきな贈り物おくりものだ。
Trans :A pair of earrings is a nice present for her.
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28送る
Hiragana :おくる
Meaning :to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch, to transmit; to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person); to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury; to spend (time), to live one's life; to pass (down the line); to affix okurigana
Ex :いかにも敬虔けいけんなるクリスチャンが送るおくる礼節れいせつ重きおもき言葉ことばです。
Trans :So characteristic of what a pious Christian would say, this courteous phrase.
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29遅れる
Hiragana :おくれる
Meaning :to be late, to be delayed, to fall behind schedule, to be overdue
Ex :列車れっしゃ定刻ていこくより遅れおくれている。
Trans :The trains are running behind time.
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30起す
Hiragana :おこす
Meaning :to raise, to cause, to wake someone
Ex :最近さいきんてるときにこむらがえりを起こしおこします。
Trans :Recently I get leg cramps when I sleep.
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31行う
Hiragana :おこなう
Meaning :to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
Ex :馬術ばじゅつ競技きょうぎ男女だんじょ混合こんごう行わおこなわれる唯一ゆいいつのオリンピック競技きょうぎです。
Trans :Equestrian is the only mixed-gender Olympic event.
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32押し入れ
Hiragana :おしいれ
Meaning :closet
Ex :わたし押入れおしいれ閉じ込めとじこめられるのがこわかった。
Trans :I was afraid of being put into a closet.
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33お嬢さん
Hiragana :おじょうさん
Meaning :daughter; young lady
Ex :彼女かのじょはいささかとりすました良家りょうけのお嬢さんだった。
Trans :She was a rather prim and proper young lady.
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34お宅
Hiragana :おたく
Meaning :your house, your home, your family; your husband; your organization; you (referring to someone of equal status with whom one is not especially close)
Ex :明朝みんちょうたく伺っうかがってもよろしいですか。
Trans :May I call on you at your house tomorrow morning?
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35落る
Hiragana :おちる
Meaning :to fall down, to drop, to fall (e.g. rain), to sink (e.g. sun or moon), to fall onto (e.g. light or one's gaze), to be used in a certain place (e.g. money); to be omitted, to be missing; to decrease, to sink; to fail (e.g. exam or class), to lose (contest, election, etc.); to crash, to degenerate, to degrade, to fall behind; to become indecent (of a conversation); to be ruined, to go under; to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain), to come off (e.g. makeup), to be removed (e.g. illness, possessing spirit, name on a list); to fall (into someone's hands), to become someone's possession; to fall (into a trap), to fall (for a trick); to give in, to give up, to confess, to flee; to fall, to be defeated, to surrender; to come to (in the end), to end in; to fall (in love, asleep, etc.); to swoon (judo); to consent, to understand; to crash, to freeze; (of animals) to die; to move to the depths
Ex :ブレーカーが落ちおち真っまっ暗闇くらやみになったとき赤ちゃんあかちゃん怖くこわく泣きなきだしました。
Trans :When the breaker tripped and it became pitch black, the baby got scared and started crying.
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36おっしゃる
Hiragana :おっしゃる
Meaning :to say, to speak, to tell, to talk
Ex :わたしでお役に立つやくにたつことがあったら、なになりとおっしゃってください。
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37
Hiragana :おっと
Meaning :husband
Ex :おっとむすめはぐっすりと眠っねむっている。
Trans :My husband and daughter are fast asleep.
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38おつり
Hiragana :おつり
Meaning :change (i.e. money), balance
Ex :有料ゆうりょう高速こうそく道路どうろ通行つうこう料金りょうきん払うはらうにはお釣りがあってはいけません。
Trans :You need to have exact change to pay the toll of the expressway.
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39
Hiragana :おと
Meaning :sound, noise, report; note (music); fame; Chinese-derived character reading
Ex :おと吸収きゅうしゅうする素材そざいのことを吸音吸音ざいといいます。
Trans :Sound absorbing material is called acoustic material.
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40落す
Hiragana :おとす
Meaning :to drop, to lose, to let fall, to shed (light), to cast (one's gaze), to pour in (liquid), to leave behind; to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains or facial hair), to lose, to spend money at a certain place, to omit, to leave out, to secretly let escape; to lose (a match), to reject (an applicant), to fail (a course), to defeat (in an election); to lower (e.g. shoulders or voice), to lessen (e.g. production or body weight), to worsen (quality), to reduce (e.g. rank or popularity), to speak badly of, to make light of, to fall into straitened circumstances; to fall into (e.g. a dilemma or sin), to make one's own, to have one's bid accepted, to force surrender, to take (e.g. an enemy camp or castle), to forcefully convince, to press for a confession, to deal with; to download, to copy from a computer to another medium; to make someone swoon (judo); to finish a story (e.g. with the punch line); to finish (a period, e.g. of fasting)
Ex :日本語にほんごのソフトを落とすおとすコツ・いいサイトありませんか?
Trans :Are there any knacks, or good sites, for downloading Japanese software?
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41踊り
Hiragana :おどり
Meaning :dance
Ex :踊りおどりによってその食糧しょくりょうまでの距離きょり方角ほうがく伝えるつたえる
Trans :They communicate the distance and direction of the food by dancing.
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42踊る
Hiragana :おどる
Meaning :to dance (orig. a hopping dance)
Ex :踊りおどりしゅたちは舞台ぶたい横切っよこぎっ軽々とかるがると踊っおどっていった。
Trans :The dancers tripped lightly across the stage.
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43驚く
Hiragana :おどろく
Meaning :to be surprised, to be astonished
Ex :ガーデニングのほんてたら、ドクロマークのついたのがいっぱいあって驚きおどろきました。
Trans :When I looked in a gardening book I was surprised by how many were marked poisonous.
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44お祭り
Hiragana :おまつり
Meaning :festival, feast, carnival
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45お見舞い
Hiragana :おみまい
Meaning :calling on someone who is ill, enquiry, inquiry
Ex :先日せんじつわたしたちはかれのお兄さんにいさんをお見舞いみまいにいった。
Trans :The other day we went to ask after his brother.
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46お土産
Hiragana :おみやげ
Meaning :present, souvenir
Ex :彼女かのじょへのお土産みやげにはなに一番いちばんいいと思うおもう
Trans :What souvenir do you think she would like most?
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47思い出す
Hiragana :おもいだす
Meaning :to recall, to remember
Ex :彼女かのじょ学生がくせい時代じだい思い出しおもいだした。
Trans :She looked back on her school days.
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48思う
Hiragana :おもう
Meaning :to think, to consider, to believe; to think (of doing), to plan (to do); to judge, to assess, to regard; to imagine, to suppose, to dream; to expect, to look forward to; to feel, to desire, to want; to recall, to remember
Ex :かれ思っおもったことをくちにする。
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49おもちゃ
Hiragana :おもちゃ
Meaning :toy, plaything
Ex :おもちゃコンサルタントの方々かたがた甲斐甲斐しくかいがいしく働くはたらく姿すがたがとても印象いんしょうてきでした。
Trans :Seeing the briskly working toy consultants also left a strong impression.
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50
Hiragana :おもて
Meaning :surface; face (i.e. the visible side of an object); front (of a building, etc.), obverse side (i.e. "head") of a coin; outside, exterior; appearance; public; first half (of an innings), top (of an inning); cover (for tatami mats, etc.); foreground
Ex :ひょう出よでようか。
Trans :Shall we take this outside?
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