Learn Japanese Vocabulary N4
1回る
Hiragana :まわる
Meaning :to turn, to revolve; to visit several places; to function well; to pass a certain time
Ex :惑星わくせい恒星こうせい周りまわり回るまわる
Trans :Planets move around a fixed star.
練習 :   
2漫画
Hiragana :まんが
Meaning :cartoon, comic, comic strip
Ex :七夕たなばた漫画まんがによくてくるので、わたしもそこそこ知っしっています。
Trans :Tanabata comes up in manga a lot so I also know it fairly well.
練習 :   
3真中
Hiragana :まんなか
Meaning :middle, centre, center, mid-way
Ex :庭師にわしにわ真ん中まんなかにバラの植えうえた。
Trans :The gardener planted a rose tree in the middle of the garden.
練習 :
4見える
Hiragana :みえる
Meaning :to be seen, to be in sight; to look, to seem, to appear; to come
Ex :この一見いっけん、あたりまえのように見えるみえることが、実はじつは難しいむずかしいのである。
Trans :This, appearing at first glance to be perfectly obvious, is actually very difficult.
練習 :   
5
Hiragana :みずうみ
Ex :琵琶湖びわこ日本にっぽん最大さいだいみずうみです。
Trans :Lake Biwa is the largest lake in Japan.
練習 :   
6味噌
Hiragana :みそ
Meaning :miso, fermented condiment usu. made from soybeans; key (main) point, good part (of something); weakling, weak person
Ex :両者りょうしゃみぞ狭まっせばまった。
Trans :The gap between them has narrowed.
練習 :
7見つかる
Hiragana :みつかる
Meaning :to be found, to be discovered
Ex :わたしのダッフルバッグがみつからないのです。
練習 :
8見つける
Hiragana :みつける
Meaning :to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect, to spot; to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault; to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
Ex :先生せんせい授業じゅぎょうちゅうその学生がくせい居眠りいねむりをしているのをみつけた。
Trans :The teacher caught the student sleeping in class.
練習 :
9
Hiragana :みな
Meaning :all, everyone, everybody; everything
Ex :これだけで厄介やっかい払いはらいできたら安いやすいもので、みなだい喜びよろこびした。
Trans :We were all pleased to be so cheaply quit of him.
練習 :   
10
Hiragana :みなと
Meaning :harbour, harbor, port
Ex :ふね予定よてい通りどおりみなと到着とうちゃくした。
Trans :The ship arrived at the port on schedule.
練習 :   
11向かう
Hiragana :むかう
Meaning :to face; to go towards
Ex :肥大ひだい過度かど商業しょうぎょうなどの問題もんだい抱えかかえて、五輪ごりんしん世紀せいき向かうむかう
Trans :Despite the problems of excessive commercialization, etc. the Olympics will go forward into the new century.
練習 :
12迎える
Hiragana :むかえる
Meaning :to go out to meet; to receive, to welcome; to accept (e.g. as a member of a group or family); to call for, to summon, to invite; to approach (a certain time, a point in one's life, etc.)
Ex :ルネッサンス時代じだい、ベニスの芸術げいじゅつ全盛期ぜんせいき迎えむかえていました。
Trans :Art was in its golden age in Venice during the Renaissance.
練習 :
13
Hiragana :むかし
Meaning :olden days, former
Ex :ちゅう・かなりむかし描いえがいてるのでクオリティは低いひくいです。
Trans :NB: Drawn a long time ago so the quality is poor.
練習 :   
14
Hiragana :むし
Meaning :insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
Ex :きつつきは、長くながく尖っとがったくちばしで、みきをつついて、なかにいるむし食べたべます。
Trans :Woodpeckers peck tree trunks with their long pointed beaks and eat insects found there.
練習 :   
15息子
Hiragana :むすこ
Meaning :son; penis
Ex :小学しょうがくねん息子むすこ静岡しずおかから名古屋なごや小学校しょうがっこう転入てんにゅうしました。
Trans :My fifth-year junior school son has transferred into a school in Nagoya from Shizuoka.
練習 :   
16
Hiragana :むすめ
Meaning :(my) daughter; girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
Ex :むすめはいつも、約束やくそく守らまもらない母親ははおや苛立っいらだっていた。
Trans :The daughter was irritated with her mother, who always broke her promises.
練習 :   
17無理
Hiragana :むり
Meaning :unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
Ex :無理むり通れとおれ道理どうりとなる。
Trans :Where might is master, justice is servant.
練習 :   
18召し上がる
Hiragana :めしあがる
Meaning :to eat
Ex :紅茶こうちゃ召し上がりめしあがりませんか。
Trans :Would you care for a cup of tea?
練習 :
19珍しい
Hiragana :めずらしい
Meaning :unusual, rare, curious; new, novel; fine (e.g. gift)
Ex :かれほど平々凡々へいへいぼんぼんたる主人公しゅじんこう珍しいめずらしい
Trans :A protagonist as plain and ordinary as him is rare indeed.
練習 :
20申し上げる
Hiragana :もうしあげる
Meaning :to say, to tell, to state; to do for
Ex :問題もんだいとなっている事件じけんについては、後便こうびん詳しくくわしく申し上げもうしあげます。
Trans :With regard to the matter in question, I will write to you in detail later.
練習 :
21申す
Hiragana :もうす
Meaning :to say, to be called; to do
Ex :鈴木すずき申しもうします。
Trans :This is Mr Suzuki speaking.
練習 :
22もうすぐ
Hiragana :もうすぐ
Meaning :very soon
Ex :このくるまはもうすぐスクラップだ。
Trans :This car will soon have to go for scrap.
練習 :   
23もし
Hiragana :もし
Meaning :excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
Ex :今回こんかい模試もし志望校しぼうこう合格ごうかく範囲はんいないか。
Trans :Was your mock exam score this time within the pass range for your preferred school?
練習 :   
24勿論
Hiragana :もちろん
Meaning :of course, certainly, naturally
Ex :無罪むざい人々ひとびとは、もちろん放免ほうめんされた。
Trans :Of course, innocent people were released.
練習 :   
25最も
Hiragana :もっとも
Meaning :most, extremely
Ex :「ハムレット」はこれまでで最ももっともおもしろい戯曲ぎきょくだと言わいわれている。
Trans :It is said that "Hamlet" is the most interesting play ever written.
練習 :   
26戻る
Hiragana :もどる
Meaning :to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
Ex :わたしたち時代じだい戻るもどるにはどうやったらいいの?
Trans :In order to return to our era, what should we do?
練習 :   
27木綿
Hiragana :もめん
Meaning :cotton (material); red silk-cotton tree (Bombax ceiba)
Ex :木綿もめんのミットをつければ赤ちゃんあかちゃん自分じぶんかおをひっかかなくなる。
Trans :Cotton mittens will prevent the baby from scratching his own face.
練習 :
28貰う
Hiragana :もらう
Meaning :to receive, to take, to accept; to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
Ex :歯医者はいしゃについたたばこのヤニを取っとってもらうと、費用ひようはどれくらいかかるでしょう?
Trans :About how much does it cost to have a dentist remove cigarette tar from your teeth?
練習 :   
29
Hiragana :もり
Meaning :forest; shrine grove
Ex :猟犬りょうけんもりのほうにいった。
Trans :The hunting dog headed for the woods.
練習 :   
30焼く
Hiragana :やく
Meaning :to bake, to grill; to develop (photos); to suntan; to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch; to be jealous, to be envious
Ex :おにく焼きやき加減かげんは、いかがなさいますか?
Trans :How would you like your steak cooked?
練習 :
31約束
Hiragana :やくそく
Meaning :arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement; convention, rule
Ex :むすめはいつも、約束やくそく守らまもらない母親ははおや苛立っいらだっていた。
Trans :The daughter was irritated with her mother, who always broke her promises.
練習 :   
32役に立つ
Hiragana :やくにたつ
Meaning :to be helpful, to be useful
Ex :旅行りょこうでこのガイドブックが役に立つやくにたつかもしれませんよ。
Trans :This guidebook might be of use to you on your trip.
練習 :   
33焼ける
Hiragana :やける
Meaning :to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset); to be jealous, to be envious
Ex :パンがふんわり焼けやけた。
Trans :The bread was baked light and fluffy.
練習 :
34優しい
Hiragana :やさしい
Meaning :tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
Ex :だが、組みくみしゅ出さださないのは優しやさしさではない!!
Trans :However not attacking your partner in sparring is not a kindness!
練習 :   
35痩せる
Hiragana :やせる
Meaning :to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim; to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile
Ex :彼女かのじょはやせるために食事しょくじ制限せいげんした。
Trans :She went on a reducing diet.
練習 :
36やっと
Hiragana :やっと
Meaning :at last, at length; barely, narrowly, just, by the skin of one's teeth
Ex :よるになってやっとやまのふもとへたどり着いた。
Trans :Late in the evening we found our way to the foot of the mountain at last.
練習 :   
37やはり/やっぱり
Hiragana :やはり/やっぱり
Meaning :As I thought
練習 :
38止む
Hiragana :やむ
Meaning :to cease, to stop, to be over
Ex :彼女かのじょはすっかり泣きなき止んやんだ。
Trans :She stopped crying altogether.
練習 :
39止める
Hiragana :やめる
Meaning :to stop, to turn off; to park; to prevent, to suppress (a cough), to hold back (tears), to hold (one's breath), to relieve (pain); to stop (someone from doing something), to dissuade, to forbid, to prohibit; to notice, to be aware of, to concentrate on, to pay attention to, to remember, to bear in mind; to fix (in place), to fasten, to tack, to pin, to nail, to button, to staple; to detain, to keep in custody
Ex :彼女かのじょはファスナーをとめることができなかった。
Trans :She could not fasten the zip of her dress.
練習 :   
40柔らかい
Hiragana :やわらかい
Meaning :soft, tender, limp
Ex :かぜ柔らかくやわらかく木立こだち触れふれた。
Trans :The wind gently kissed the trees.
練習 :
41
Meaning :hot water; hot bath, hot spring; molten iron
Ex :沸騰ふっとうしているしお入れいれなさい。
Trans :Put some salt into the boiling water.
練習 :   
42輸出
Hiragana :ゆしゅつ
Meaning :export; efferent (medical)
Ex :輸出ゆしゅつ市場しじょうでの競争きょうそうりょく強化きょうか緊急きんきゅう課題かだいである。
Trans :The strengthening of competitiveness on export markets is an urgent need.
練習 :   
43輸入
Hiragana :ゆにゅう
Meaning :importation, import, introduction
Ex :メキシコ政府せいふいちきゅうきゅうはちねんがた中古ちゅうこしゃ以外いがい中古ちゅうこしゃ輸入ゆにゅう禁止きんしすると発表はっぴょうした。
Trans :The Mexican government announced the banning of all imports of second-hand cars, except for 1998 models.
練習 :   
44
Hiragana :ゆび
Meaning :finger, toe, digit
Ex :一生懸命いっしょうけんめいゆびでまぶたを広げひろげ目薬めぐすり差しさしました。
Trans :With great effort I held his eyelids open with my fingers and dropped in the eye medicine.
練習 :   
45指輪
Hiragana :ゆびわ
Meaning :(finger) ring
Ex :はははダイヤの指輪ゆびわ手放すてばなすほかなかった。
Trans :My mother had no choice but to part with her diamond ring.
練習 :   
46
Hiragana :ゆめ
Meaning :dream
Ex :「てた?」「爆睡爆睡」「そ、そうか?」「なんかうなされてたよ。怖いこわいゆめでもてた?」
Trans :"I fell asleep?" "Totally." "Really?" "You were very restless, did you have a scary dream?"
練習 :   
47揺れる
Hiragana :ゆれる
Meaning :to shake, to sway
Ex :乱気流らんきりゅうのために飛行機ひこうき揺れゆれた。
Trans :We had a rough flight because of turbulence.
練習 :
48
Hiragana :よう
Meaning :task, business; use, duty, service; call of nature, excretion
Ex :管理かんりよう画面がめん管理かんりしゃしかアクセスできないようにしました。
Trans :I made it so only root could access the administrative screen.
練習 :   
49用意
Hiragana :ようい
Meaning :preparation, arrangements, provision, getting ready, laying out (e.g. a meal)
Ex :用意よういにぬかりがなければ成功せいこう確実かくじつだ。
Trans :Careful preparations ensure success.
練習 :   
50用事
Hiragana :ようじ
Meaning :tasks, things to do, errand, business (to take care of), affairs, engagement
Ex :用事ようじ以外いがい入場にゅうじょうお断り。
Trans :No admittance except on business.
練習 :   
< LESSON 11   ●●   LESSON 13 >  
App 3.0 ↓
A p p   F o r   P h o n e
  • Android
  •   
  • iOS
A p p   F o r   P h o n e
  • Android
  •   
  • iOS
 X