Learn Japanese Vocabulary N4
Hiragana :びじゅつかん
Meaning :art gallery, art museum
Ex :美術館びじゅつかん行きいきのバス停留所ていりゅうじょは、どこですか。
Trans :Where is the bus stop for the museum?
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Hiragana :ひじょうに
Meaning :very, extremely, exceedingly
Ex :クエーサーとは、非常ひじょう遠方えんぽうにある、まぶしい輝きかがやき放つはなつ天体てんたいだ。
Trans :Quasars are brilliantly shining heavenly bodies that are extremely far away.
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Hiragana :びっくり
Meaning :to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished; surprise (e.g. surprise party)
Ex :ビックリしたよ、温泉おんせん宿やどがおさかな養殖ようしょくじょうになってたんだね。
Trans :What a surprise! The onsen lodge had turned into a fish breeding farm.
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Hiragana :ひっこす
Meaning :to move (house), to change residence
Ex :来月らいげつ引っ越すひっこす予定よていです。
Trans :I am moving next month.
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Hiragana :ひつよう
Meaning :necessary, needed, essential, indispensable; necessity, need, requirement
Ex :軟木軟木絶縁ぜつえんされた部屋へやおよびよいヒーターはサウナのための絶対ぜったい必要ひつようである。
Trans :An insulated soft-wood room and a good heater are the absolute necessities for a sauna.
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Hiragana :ひどい
Meaning :cruel, heartless, hard, harsh, severe; violent, intense, strong, heavy, extreme; very bad, terrible, awful; excessive, exorbitant, unreasonable, outrageous, unfair, unjust
Ex :ひどくなると、亀裂きれつ生じしょうじたり、だんすることもあります。
Trans :In severe cases, cracks can form or it can snap apart.
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Hiragana :ひらく
Meaning :to open, to undo, to unseal, to unpack; to bloom, to unfold, to spread out; to open (for business, e.g. in the morning); to be wide (gap, etc.), to widen; to hold (meeting, etc.), to give, to open; to found (nation, dynasty, sect, etc.), to open (a new business), to set up, to establish, to start; to open (ports, borders, etc.); to open (an account); to open up (new land, path, etc.), to clear, to develop; to open (a file, etc.); to extract (root), to reduce (equation); to cut open (fish); to change (kanji into hiragana); to flare (e.g. skirt); to slacken (into a poor posture)
Ex :ほん開くひらくな。
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Hiragana :ビル
Meaning :building; bill
Ex :そのビルは日本一にっぽんいち高いたかい建物たてものです。
Trans :That building is the tallest in Japan.
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Hiragana :ひるま
Meaning :daytime, during the day, time from sunrise until sunset, diurnal period
Ex :彼らかれら昼間ひるまだけ働きはたらきます。
Trans :They work only during the day.
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Hiragana :ひるやすみ
Meaning :lunch break, noon recess, noon rest period
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Hiragana :ひろう
Meaning :to pick up, to find, to gather
Ex :拾っひろっもの持ち主もちぬし
Trans :Finders keepers.
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Hiragana :ファックス
Meaning :facsimile, FAX
Ex :申込もうしこみしょをファックスで送っおくってくれませんか。
Trans :Please fax me the application form.
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Hiragana :ふえる
Meaning :to increase, to multiply
Ex :除草じょそうざい耐性たいせい品種ひんしゅでなぜ収量しゅうりょう増えるふえるのか?
Trans :Why do yields increase with herbicide-resistant varieties?
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Hiragana :ふくざつ
Meaning :complex, complicated, mixed (feelings)
Ex :彼らかれらのコミュニケーションは我々われわれ考えかんがえてきたものよりはるかに複雑ふくざつかもしれません。
Trans :Their communication may be much more complex than we thought.
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Hiragana :ふくしゅう
Meaning :review, revision
Ex :試験しけん備えそなえ歴史れきし復習ふくしゅうしなさい。
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Hiragana :ぶちょう
Meaning :head (chief, director) of a section or department; head of a (school) club, head of a (school) team
Ex :部長ぶちょうカンカンになって怒っおこってたぞ。お前なにをしたんだよ。
Trans :The section chief was really livid. What did you do?
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Hiragana :ふつう
Meaning :general, ordinary, usual; normally, generally, usually; train that stops at every station
Ex :特にとくに理解りかいりょくがあるわけでもない普通ふつう中学生ちゅうがくせいです。
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Hiragana :ぶどう
Meaning :injustice, impropriety, unreasonableness, undeserved, unfair, invalid
Ex :そんな不当ふとう提案ていあんは、拒否きょひすべきだったのに。
Trans :You should have refused such an unfair proposal.
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Hiragana :ふとる
Meaning :to grow fat (stout, plump), to become fat, to gain weight
Ex :毎日まいにち大食たいしょくしていると、ブクブク太りふとり過ぎるすぎること間違えまちがえなし。
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Hiragana :ふとん
Meaning :futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor); round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
Ex :布団ふとんをはがされた。
Trans :My futon was peeled away.
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Hiragana :ふね
Meaning :ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship; tank, tub, vat, trough; counter for boat-shaped containers (e.g. of sashimi)
Ex :旅行りょこうしゃたちは、かわふね渡っわたった。
Trans :The travelers ferried across the river.
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Hiragana :ふべん
Meaning :inconvenience, inexpediency, unhandiness
Ex :夜会やかいふく仕事しごとをするには不便ふべんだ。
Trans :It is inconvenient to work in evening clothes.
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Hiragana :ふむ
Meaning :to step on, to tread on; to experience, to undergo; to estimate, to value, to appraise; to rhyme; to inherit (the throne, etc.); to follow (rules, morals, principles, etc.)
Ex :本日ほんじつ乗馬じょうばうま手入れていれをしているときにうっかり右足みぎあし踏まふまれた。
Trans :Today, after riding, while grooming the horse I carelessly got my right foot trod on.
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Meaning :surroundings, circumference
Ex :指導者に言われた通りにしただけです。
Trans :I only did just as the coach told me.
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Hiragana :ふりだす
Meaning :to begin to rain, to begin to snow
Ex :夕方ゆうがた近くちかくあめ降りふりだした。
Trans :It came on to rain toward evening.
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Hiragana :プレゼント
Meaning :present, gift; to give a present or gift
Ex :すうねんまえははに、義母ぎぼにロケットをプレゼントしました。
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Hiragana :ぶんか
Meaning :culture, civilization, civilisation; Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
Ex :日本にっぽん文化ぶんか造詣ぞうけい深いふかいことはいいことです。
Trans :Being knowledgeable about Japanese culture is a good thing.
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Hiragana :ぶんがく
Meaning :literature
Ex :それを皮切りかわきりとして欧州おうしゅう文学ぶんがく多数たすう紹介しょうかいするようになりました。
Trans :With that as a start many European poems and much literature came to be introduced.
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Hiragana :ぶんぽう
Meaning :grammar, syntax
Ex :文法ぶんぽう事項じこうとしては、現在げんざい完了かんりょう受動態じゅどうたい含まふくまれています。
Trans :Included for the grammar section it includes the passive voice of the present perfect.
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Hiragana :べつ
Meaning :distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
Ex :恋愛れんあい結婚けっこんべつだ。
Trans :Falling in love is one thing; getting married is another.
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Hiragana :ベル
Meaning :hell; Mr
Ex :日本人が晩ごはんによく食べるものは寿司でしょう。
Trans :Japanese people probably eat sushi a lot for dinner.
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Hiragana :へん
Meaning :strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy; unexpected; change; incident, disturbance, disaster, accident; flat (music)
Ex :へんですね。
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Hiragana :へんじ
Meaning :reply, answer, response
Ex :明確めいかく返事へんじ欲しいほしい
Trans :Give me a definite answer.
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Hiragana :ぼうえき
Meaning :trade (foreign)
Ex :どんな理由りゆうがあろうと、せっかく軌道きどう乗せのせ貿易ぼうえき失墜しっついさせたのはだい失態しったいだ。
Trans :Whatever the reason, forfeiting the trade that we finally got on track is a fiasco.
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Hiragana :ほうそう
Meaning :broadcast, broadcasting
Ex :民主党みんしゅとう選挙せんきょ運動うんどうのために民放みんぽうテレビの放送ほうそうわく買いかいました。
Trans :The Democrats bought space on commercial television for the campaign.
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Hiragana :ほうりつ
Ex :未成年みせいねんしゃ喫煙きつえん法律ほうりつ禁じきんじられている。
Trans :Minors are prohibited from smoking by law.
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Hiragana :ぼく
Meaning :I, me; you (used addressing young children); manservant
Ex :ぼくのいえ目障りめざわりだったけれど、小さなちいさな目障りめざわりだったから、見逃さみのがされていた。
Trans :My own house was an eyesore, but it was a small eyesore, and it had been overlooked.
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Hiragana :ほし
Meaning :star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon); suspect (police slang)
Ex :夜空よぞらほしがきらきら輝いかがやいていた。
Trans :Stars were twinkling in the sky.
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Hiragana :ほど
Meaning :degree, extent, bounds, limit; indicates approx. amount or maximum, upper limit
Ex :かれほど平々凡々へいへいぼんぼんたる主人公しゅじんこう珍しいめずらしい
Trans :A protagonist as plain and ordinary as him is rare indeed.
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Hiragana :ほとんど
Meaning :mostly, nearly, practically, well-nigh, almost invariably, all but, just about, almost
Ex :彼女かのじょたちのくちから職場しょくば労働ろうどう問題もんだいてくることはほとんどなかった。
Trans :They rarely spoke of the labour problem at their workplace.
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Hiragana :ほめる
Meaning :to praise, to admire, to speak well
Ex :面前めんぜんひと誉めるほめるようなひと信用しんようするな。
Trans :Do not trust such men as praise you to your face.
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Hiragana :ほんやく
Meaning :translation; de-encryption, deciphering; rendering
Ex :えい翻訳ほんやくにちえい翻訳ほんやくでは、えい翻訳ほんやく希望きぼうするひとのほうが多いおおいようです。
Trans :Between E->J translations and J->E, it appears that more people want English-Japanese translations.
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Hiragana :まいる
Meaning :to go, to come, to call; to be defeated, to collapse, to die; to be annoyed, to be nonplussed; to be madly in love; to visit (shrine, grave)
Ex :彼女かのじょがべらべらしゃべりまくるのには参っまいってしまう。
Trans :Her continuous chatter vexes me.
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Hiragana :まける
Meaning :to lose, to be defeated; to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield; to be inferior to; to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.); to reduce the price, to lower the price, to give a discount on
Ex :かれは「負けまけられない戦いたたかいです」とこえ振り絞っふりしぼった。
Trans :He shouted at the top of his voice, "This is a battle we cannot lose."
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Hiragana :まじめ
Meaning :diligent, serious, honest, sober, grave, earnest, steady
Ex :かれ今日きょう真面目まじめにしている。
Trans :He is being earnest today.
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Hiragana :まず
Meaning :mass; masturbation
Ex :彼らかれらかわでマスを釣っつった。
Trans :They fished the stream for trout.
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Hiragana :または
Meaning :or, otherwise
Ex :名詞めいし修飾しゅうしょくするもの形容詞けいようし、または形容詞けいようし相当そうとう語句ごく
Trans :Things that modify nouns (adjective, or adjectival equivalent).
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Hiragana :まちがえる
Meaning :to make a mistake (in), to commit an error (e.g. in calculation); to confuse, to mistake something for something else
Ex :毎日まいにち大食たいしょくしていると、ブクブク太りふとり過ぎるすぎること間違えまちがえなし。
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Hiragana :まにあう
Meaning :to be in time for; to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
Ex :目下もっかのところこれで間に合うまにあうでしょう。
Trans :This will do for the time being.
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Hiragana :まわり
Meaning :circumference, perimeter, edge; surroundings, locality, neighborhood; rotation, circulation
Ex :なるべく姉ちゃんねえちゃんにも周りまわりにも迷惑めいわくをかけずに、事態じたい早期そうき解決かいけつをなんとか頼むたのむぞ。
Trans :I want you to somehow resolve the situation as promptly and avoiding to cause trouble for my sister and those around us as much as possible.
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