Learn Japanese Vocabulary N4
1挨拶
Hiragana :あいさつ
Meaning :greeting, greetings, salutation, salute, polite set phrase used when meeting or parting from somebody; polite set phrase used to express apology, sympathy, congratulations, etc.; speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address; reply, response; revenge, retaliation; a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark); dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
Ex :「このたびはご愁傷さまでございます。」とひとことお悔みくやみ挨拶あいさつをします。
Trans :Use a brief expression of condolence, such as: "On this sad occasion we grieve with you".
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2
Hiragana :あいだ
Meaning :space (between), gap, interval, distance; time (between), pause, break; span (temporal or spatial), stretch, period (while); relationship (between, among); members (within, among); due to, because of
Ex :むろん、この両極端りょうきょくたん多くおおくのバリエーションがある。
Trans :Obviously there are many variations between these two extremes.
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3合う
Hiragana :あう
Meaning :to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet; to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct; to be profitable, to be equitable; (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
Ex :迷彩めいさいのショートパンツを履くはく場合ばあいうえなにしょくTシャツてぃーしゃつ合いあいますか?
Trans :When you wear camo shorts, what colour t-shirt goes with that?
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4赤ちゃん
Hiragana :あかちゃん
Meaning :baby, infant
Ex :赤ちゃんあかちゃん泣かせなかせたままにしてはいけないのでしょうか?
Trans :Is it wrong to leave my baby crying?
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5上る
Hiragana :あがる
Meaning :to ascend, to go up, to climb; to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise; to go to (the capital); to be promoted; to add up to; to advance (in price); to swim up (a river), to sail up; to come up (on the agenda)
Ex :みち急斜面きゅうしゃめんをジグザグにのぼっていた。
Trans :The path zigzagged up the steep slope.
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6赤ん坊
Hiragana :あかんぼう
Meaning :baby, infant
Ex :赤ん坊あかんぼう浴槽よくそうなかでぼちゃぼちゃやっていた。
Trans :The baby was splashing in the bathtub.
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7空く
Hiragana :あく
Meaning :to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty; to be hungry
Ex :どの車両しゃりょうがすいていますか。
Trans :Which car is less crowded?
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8アクセサリー
Hiragana :アクセサリー
Meaning :accessory
Ex :彼女かのじょふくにアクセサリーを付けつけている。
Trans :She is wearing accessories.
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9あげる
Hiragana :あげる
Meaning :to raise, to elevate; to do up (one's hair); to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.); to land (a boat); to deep-fry; to show someone (into a room); (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.); to send someone (away); to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll; to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve; to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice); to earn (something desirable); to praise; to give (an example, etc.), to cite; to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.); to arrest; to nominate; to give; to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.); to bear (a child); to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding); (of the tide) to come in; to vomit; to do for (the sake of someone else); to complete ...; to humbly do ...
Ex :たまごから孵化ふかしたてのメダカにはどのようなえさをあげればよろしいでしょうか?
Trans :What should you feed killifish that have just hatched from their eggs?
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10浅い
Hiragana :あさい
Meaning :shallow, superficial; slight (wound), light (sleep), pale (colour), inadequate (knowledge); short (time), early, young
Ex :かれはその浅いあさいみぞ飛び越えとびこえた。
Trans :He leaped over the shallow ditch.
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11
Hiragana :あじ
Meaning :flavor, flavour, taste; charm, style; experience; smart, clever, witty, strange
Ex :あじ濃厚のうこうで、炒めいためぶつ、スープなど中華ちゅうか料理りょうり深みふかみ与えあたえます。
Trans :It also has a strong flavour, and adds depth to Chinese food such as soups and stir-fries.
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12アジア
Hiragana :アジア
Meaning :Asia (esp. "the Far East"); Asian, Asiatic
Ex :日本海にほんかい日本にっぽんとアジア大陸たいりく隔てへだてている。
Trans :The Japan Sea separates Japan from the Asian Continent.
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13明日
Hiragana :あす
Meaning :tomorrow; near future
Ex :明日あしたからコーンフレークとか、軽いかるいものにしようか?
Trans :Shall we go with cornflakes or something light from tomorrow?
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14遊び
Hiragana :あそび
Meaning :playing; play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
Ex :遊びあそび終わりおわりだ。
Trans :Fun and games are over.
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15集る
Hiragana :あつまる
Meaning :to gather, to crowd round, to swarm, to flock; to extort from, to sponge off
Ex :捨てすてられたアイスのまわりにアリがウヨウヨたかっていた。
Trans :The area around the melting ice cream was crawling with ants.
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16集める
Hiragana :あつめる
Meaning :to collect, to assemble, to gather
Ex :集めあつめられた使用人しようにんさんたちは、総勢そうぜい・・・ひゃ、ひゃくにん近いちかいよ。
Trans :The servants gathered there totalled ... n-nearly one hundred!
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17アナウンサー
Hiragana :アナウンサー
Meaning :announcer
Ex :かれゆめはアナウンサーとしてテレビに登場とうじょうすることであった。
Trans :His ambition was to break into television as an announcer.
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18アフリカ
Hiragana :アフリカ
Meaning :Africa
Ex :彼女かのじょはアフリカでの伝道でんどう仕事しごとをささげた。
Trans :She devoted herself to mission work in Africa.
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19アメリカ
Hiragana :アメリカ
Meaning :America; United States of America
Ex :大学院生だいがくいんせいのケンは去年きょねんアメリカに行っいった。
Trans :Ken, who is a graduate student, went to the United States last year.
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20謝る
Hiragana :あやまる
Meaning :to apologize, to apologise
Ex :彼女かのじょ謝るあやまるべきだった。
Trans :You ought to have apologized to her.
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21アルコール
Hiragana :アルコール
Meaning :alcohol
Ex :ペイルエルはアルコール含有がんゆうりょう少ないすくないビールだ。
Trans :Pale ale is a low-alcohol beer.
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22アルバイト
Hiragana :アルバイト
Meaning :part-time job, side job; albite
Ex :ははわたしがアルバイトをすることに反対はんたいだ。
Trans :My mother objected to my working part time.
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23安心
Hiragana :あんしん
Meaning :relief, peace of mind
Ex :老後ろうご安心あんしんして暮らしくらしたかったらいまから貯蓄ちょちく始めはじめなさい。
Trans :If you want security in your old age, begin saving now.
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24安全
Hiragana :あんぜん
Meaning :safety; security
Ex :アフリカ大陸たいりくのどこかへ行くいくとしたらどこが一番いちばん衛生えいせいてき安全あんぜんですか?
Trans :If I was going to the African continent where would be the safest and most sanitary place?
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25あんな
Hiragana :あんな
Meaning :such (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
Ex :あんなカッコいいおとこ、そうはいない。
Trans :Guys that handsome are few and far between.
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26案内
Hiragana :あんない
Meaning :information, guidance, leading; to guide, to show (around), to conduct
Ex :弊社へいしゃ会社かいしゃ案内あんない同封どうふういたします。
Trans :Enclosed is our company profile.
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27以下
Hiragana :いか
Meaning :not exceeding, and downward, ... and below; below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level); the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
Ex :風速ふうそく冷却れいきゃく指数しすう考慮こうりょ入れるいれると、気温きおん零下れいかさんぜろ以下いかであったに違いちがいない。
Trans :When we take the wind-chill factor into account, the temperature must have been lower than thirty degrees below zero centigrade.
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28以外
Hiragana :いがい
Meaning :with the exception of, excepting
Ex :かみ創造そうぞうしゃです。てんひとも、かみ以外いがい全てすべて造物ぞうぶつです。
Trans :God is the creator. Heaven and Earth and people and everything apart from God are created.
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29医学
Hiragana :いがく
Meaning :medical science, medicine
Ex :彼女かのじょ連続れんぞくして医学いがくてき発見はっけんをした。
Trans :She made a series of medical discoveries.
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30生きる
Hiragana :いきる
Meaning :to live, to exist; to make a living, to subsist; to be in effect, to be in use, to function; to come to life, to be enlivened; to be safe (in baseball, go, etc.)
Ex :老人ろうじんには生きるいきるかて必要ひつようだ。
Trans :Old people need someone to live on.
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31意見
Hiragana :いけん
Meaning :opinion, view, comment
Ex :くるま速度そくど落とすおとす装置そうちハンプや狭さくきょうさくについて、意見いけんがあったら書いかいてください。
Trans :If you have any opinions concerning traffic calming devices (humps, curb extensions, etc.) please write them.
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32
Hiragana :いし
Meaning :measure of volume (approx. 180.39 liters, 6.37 cub. ft.); measure of a Japanese-style boat's loading capacity (approx. 278.26 liters)
Ex :あの大名だいみょうじゅうまんせきりょうしている。
Trans :That daimyo holds a fief yielding 100,000 koku of rice.
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33いじめる
Hiragana :いじめる
Meaning :to tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
Ex :かれおとうとをさんざんいじめた。
Trans :He knocked his brother about.
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34以上
Hiragana :いじょう
Meaning :not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards; beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that); above-mentioned, foregoing; since ..., seeing that ...; this is all, that is the end, the end
Ex :自慢じまんじゃないがぼく通知つうちひょう家庭かていさん以上いじょう取っとったことがない。いちぜろ段階だんかい評価ひょうかで。
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35急ぐ
Hiragana :いそぐ
Meaning :to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
Ex :夕方ゆうがた近づいちかづいたので旅人たびびとたち急いいそいだ。
Trans :The travelers made haste as evening drew near.
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36致す
Hiragana :いたす
Meaning :to do
Ex :用品ようひん送っおくっていただいたほうにもれなくプレゼントいたします。
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37いただく
Hiragana :いただく
Meaning :to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy; to eat, to drink; to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top); to have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)
Ex :そちらさまのお電話でんわ番号ばんごうをいただけますか。
Trans :May I please have your telephone number?
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38一度
Hiragana :いちど
Meaning :once, one time, on one occasion; temporarily, for a moment; one degree, one tone, one musical interval
Ex :うまひつじ放牧ほうぼくされてて、牧羊ぼくよういぬもいるわ。一度いちど訪ねたずねてみてはどうかしら?
Trans :Sheep and horses are set out to pasture, there are sheepdogs too. How about giving it a visit once?
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39一生懸命
Hiragana :いっしょうけんめい
Meaning :very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
Ex :一生懸命いっしょうけんめい磨きみがきました。困っこまったのは、意外といがいと低級ていきゅう宝石ほうせきのストックがないことです。
Trans :I polished for all I was worth. The trouble is that my stock of low-grade gems was surprisingly low.
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40いっぱい
Hiragana :いっぱい
Meaning :one defeat
Ex :図書館に人がいっぱいいる。
Trans :There are many people at the library.
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41
Hiragana :いと
Meaning :thread, yarn, string
Ex :多くおおく医者いしゃはあるたね吸収きゅうしゅうせい縫合ほうごういと使っつかっている。
Trans :Many doctors are using some form of absorbable sutures.
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42以内
Hiragana :いない
Meaning :within, inside of, less than
Ex :手術しゅじゅつ医院いいんないさんじゅうふん以内いない完了かんりょうします。
Trans :The surgery, performed at our clinic, is over in half an hour.
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43田舎
Hiragana :いなか
Meaning :rural area, countryside, the sticks; hometown
Ex :ぼく田舎いなか育っそだった。
Trans :I grew up in the country.
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44祈る
Hiragana :いのる
Meaning :to pray, to wish
Ex :ご冥福めいふくをお祈りします。
Trans :May his soul rest in peace.
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45いらっしゃる
Hiragana :いらっしゃる
Meaning :to come, to go, to be (somewhere); (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
Ex :仕込みしこみはだいたい終わりおわりましたし・・・、一眠りひとねむりしていらしたらどうですか?
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46植える
Hiragana :うえる
Meaning :to plant, to grow
Ex :さんメートル離しはなし植えうえられている。
Trans :The trees are planted three meters apart.
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47うかがう
Hiragana :うかがう
Meaning :to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told; to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior); to visit; to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)
Ex :木村きむら博士はかせから、あなたがこの分野ぶんや第一人者だいいちにんしゃだと伺いうかがいました。
Trans :Dr. Kimura gave me your name as the leading scholar in this field.
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48受付
Hiragana :うけつけ
Meaning :reception (desk), information desk; receipt, acceptance
Ex :早朝そうちょう受付うけつけでクジを引いひい順番じゅんばん決めきめた。
Trans :We drew lots to decide who would go first at the early morning reception desk.
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49受ける
Hiragana :うける
Meaning :to receive, to get; to catch (e.g. a ball); to be struck by (wind, waves, sunlight, etc.); to sustain (damage), to incur (a loss), to suffer (an injury), to feel (influence); to undergo (e.g. surgery), to take (a test), to accept (a challenge); to be given (e.g. life, talent); to follow, to succeed, to be descended from; to face (south, etc.); to be modified by; to obtain (a pawned item, etc.) by paying a fee; to be well-received, to become popular, to go down well
Ex :それを発明はつめいした教授きょうじゅ大学だいがくから相当そうとう対価たいか受けるうける権利けんりがある。
Trans :The professor who invented it has the right to reasonable remuneration from the university.
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50動く
Hiragana :うごく
Meaning :to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing; to operate, to run, to go, to work; to be touched, to be influenced; to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver; certain, factual; to be transferred
Ex :かた関節かんせつは、単独たんどく動くうごくほか、うで動きうごきにも連動れんどうして動きうごきます。
Trans :The shoulder joints, as well as moving on their own, also move in conjunction with arm movements.
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